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Estació de França

Estació de França (39)

The Barcelona Terminal station or the Estació de França is a large railway station in Barcelona, and not for the number of trains which begin or end their journeys there, but for the sheer size and spectacular nature of the building itself. 

This is where the first railway station in Barcelona was built in 1848, on the Barcelona-Mataró line. It was the first line in Spain and being built very close to the sea it was called the Coastal Railway. 

After being extended several times, in 1926 work began on the new station, following the English model, and it was opened in 1929 to coincide with the Universal Exhibition in Barcelona. It is the work of engineer Andreu Montaner and architects Pedro de Muguruza and Raimon Duran Reynalds.

The station buildings are situated around the tracks in a ‘U’ shape and luxury materials such as marble and bronze were used in their construction. The 12 tracks situated inside are covered by two metal arches with a height of 29 metres and a length of 195, which follow the curve of the tracks. The facility was completed with other tracks situated outside these arches. 

The forecourt is rectangular and the ceiling has three great vaults, in the classical style like the building’s façade. 

Despite the grandeur of this building, it is used by very few trains today since most rail traffic is concentrated in the Estació de Sants.

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