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Güell State Pavilions

Güell State Pavilions (60)

This enormous estate covers 3 hectares and contains an old 18th century house with a delightful garden designed by Antoni Gaudí for the owner Eusebi Güell. This well-known Modernist work was started in 1883.

It is said that Gaudi was inspired my mythological elements of the second verse of l’Atlàntida by Father Jacint Verdaguer. In 1877 Verdaguer dedicated his epic poem to Antoni López, Marquis of Comillas and Güell’s father-in-law, who died the very same year as works in the garden began. The poem talk of an island with a very special garden containing a tree with golden apples guarded by a dragon and by the maidens of the night. But when Hercules managed to break and carry off one of the branches, the gods punished its guardians: the maidens were turned into trees and the dragon, called Lladó, was projected up to the sky in the form of a constellation of stars. Later, Hercules planted the branch somewhere in Spain and Gaudí wanted it to be his garden, where the willows, elms and poplars symbolise the maidens and the main gate, the shamed dragon. 

The gate was made in 1885 at the Vallet i Piqué workshop. The body shape follows the position of the starts on the constellations of the Dragon and Hercules. In 1969 it was included in the catalogue of protected monuments and in 1980 it was painted in the tones you can see today, although it was originally multicoloured. On top of one of the pillars on which the gate is hung, is a sculpture representing the golden apple tree. 

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