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The Carolinum is the main building of Charles University, founded by Charles IV in 1348. It was the first university in Central Europe, followed by those Cracow and Vienna. Thanks to Charles University, the noblemen and most important citizens did not have to leave the country to study in France or Italy. Following the model of the Sorbonne, in Paris, or of Bologna, in Italy, the new university had four faculties: medicine, art, law and theology.
The new university was very successful and became a prestigious European cultural centre where some of the most renowned theologians taught. The reformist cleric Jan Hus was rector here twice before being burnt at the stake in 1415. The Carolinum became a very important support for the Hussite cause and for this reason the Catholic students stopped attending. The Carolinum gradually lost contact with the rest of Europe until the triumph of Protestantism in some countries, after which contact was once again made.
Like many other things in this city, everything changed after the victory of the Catholics in the Battle of White Mountain, in 1620. The university passed into the hands of the Jesuits, who already possessed the Clementinum and thus came to control the entire higher education system of Prague.
A curiosity about this university is that it taught in Latin until 1784, which must have made it more difficult for the students less gifted in languages. Later on classes were given in German. However, at the beginning of the 20th century the university was a focus of Czech nationalism.
In the old centre was the mansion of a banker, which he gave to the institution on its founding... although we do not know what he was given in return.
Of the original building the chapel, arcade, walls and a beautiful projecting window have been conserved, as well as some Baroque elements. In 1945 the Gothic courtyard was rebuilt.
Today the Carolinum is a building belonging to the university but is only used for some official acts.
Basilica and convent of Saint George (Bazilika a Kláster Sv. Jirí) (33)
Church of St. Nicholas (Sv. Mikulas) (11)
Monastery of Strahov (Strahovsky Klaster) (26)
Town Old Building of the Old Town (Staromestská Radnice) (9)
Cathedral of Saint Vitus (Katedrála Sv. Víta) (31)
Golz-Kinsky Palace (Palác Kinskych) (4)
National Gallery, Sternberg Palace (Národní Galerie - Sternbersky Palác) (29)
Saint Nicholas of Malá Strana (Sv. Mikulás) (40)
Charles Bridge (Karlûv Most) (2)
Our Lady of the Snows (Panna Marie Snezná) (52)
The Astronomical Watch (10)
Celetná Street (7)
Church of Saint Thomas (Sv. Tomás) (44)
Jan Hus, Bethlehem Chapel (Betlemska Kaple) (6)
Lobkowicz-Schwarzenberg Palace (Lobkovicky Palác) (36)
National Theatre (Národní Divadlo) (48)
Our Lady of Loreto (Loreta) (28)
Royal Way. Nerudova. (37)
State Opera (Státní Opera) (57)
Cernín Palace (Cernínsky Palác) (27)
Convent of Saint Agnes of Bohemia (Kláster Sv. Anezky) (16)
Jewish Quarter of Prague. The Golem. (21)
Masaryk Quay (Masarykovo Nábrezí) (51)
Old Jewish Cemetery (Stary Zidovsky Hrbitov) (24)
Petrin Hill (Petrínské Sady) (42)
Saint John Nepomucene (Sv. Jan Nepomucky na Skalce) (46)
Vtrba Garden (Vrtbovská Zahrada) (38)
Charles IV Square (Karlovo Námesti) (49)
Cubist Houses (Kubistické Domy) (59)
Kampa Island (41)
Municipal House (Obecní Dum) (12)
Old Town Square (8)
Royal Garden (Kralovská Zahrada) (35)
Slav Island and the Mánes Gallery (Slovansky Ostrov) (50)
Wallenstein Palace (Valdstejnsky Palác) (43)
Church of Saint James (Sv. Jakub) (19)
Golden Lane (Zlatá Ulicka) (32)
Letná Park (Letenské Sady) (17)
National Avenue (Narodni) (54)
Old-New Synagogue (Staronová Synagóga) (25)
Royal Palace (Stary Kralovsky Palác) (34)
Slavic Monastery of Emmaus (Kláster Na Slovanech -Emauzy-) (45)
Wenceslas Square (Václavské Námeí) (47)
Castle Gallery (Obrázarna Prazskeho Hradu) (30)
Museum of Dvorák (Muzeum Antonína Dvoráka) (53)
Prague City Museum (Muzeum Hlavního Mesta Prahy) (18)
Centre of Modern and Contemporary Art (Sbirka Moderního a Soucasneho Umení) (20)
National Jewish Museum, Maisel and Pinkas Synagogues (23)
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Mozart Museum. (60)